Fair Use for Copy Centers and print materials

These guidelines are based on the 1998 Conference on Fair Use report to Congress.

The guidelines have not been passed into law and represent the suggested conditions under which educators can use copyright-protected materials without getting consent from the author or creator of the work.

A teacher may request a single copy of any of the following for scholarship research, use in teaching or preparation for a course:

  • a chapter from a book
  • an article from a periodical or newspaper
  • a short story, short essay, short poem, whether or not from a collection of work

A teacher may request multiple copies for classroom use in discussions (not to exceed more than one copy per student) provided that:

 A teacher may not copy to create, replace or substitute for anthologies, compilations or collective works.

 Copying must meet the tests of brevity, spontaneity and cumulative effect.

A teacher may not copy from works intended to be "consumable" in the course of study and teaching, including

  • workbooks
  • exercises
  • standardized tests
  • test booklets
  • answer sheets
  • like consumable material

Copying shall not

  • substitute for the purchase of books, publishers' reprints or periodicals
  • be directed by higher authority
  • be repeated with respect to the same item by the same teacher from term to term
  • be charged to the student beyond the actual cost of photocopying

Fair Use for faculty
Fair Use for nonfaculty
Fair Use for electronic reserves
Fair Use for video and broadcast
Fair Use for software
Fair Use for digital media and music materials
Training opportunities
Additional resources




For more information, contact your college/unit copyright compliance officer:

Mary Carr, SCC, 509.533.7045 
Mary Ann Lund Goodwin, SFCC, 533.3820  
Anne Tucker, District Administration, 509.434.5109 
Rebecca Rhodes, IEL, 509.279.6050